Developing a strong grounding in number is essential so that all children develop the necessary building blocks to excel mathematically. Children should be able to count confidently, develop a deep understanding of the numbers to 10, the relationships between them and the patterns within those numbers. By providing frequent and varied opportunities to build and apply this understanding – such as using manipulatives, including small pebbles and tens frames for organising counting – children will develop a secure base of knowledge and vocabulary from which mastery of mathematics is built. In addition, it is important that the curriculum includes rich opportunities for children to develop their spatial reasoning skills across all areas of mathematics including shape, space and
measures. It is important that children develop positive attitudes and interests in mathematics, look for patterns and relationships, spot connections, ‘have a go’, talk to adults and peers about what they notice and not be afraid to make mistakes.
ELGs (September 2021)
ELG: Number
Children at the expected level of development will:
– Have a deep understanding of number to 10, including the composition of each number;
– Subitise (recognise quantities without counting) up to 5;
– Automatically recall (without reference to rhymes, counting or other aids) number bonds up to 5 (including subtraction facts) and some number bonds to
10, including double facts.
ELG: Numerical Patterns
Children at the expected level of development will:
– Verbally count beyond 20, recognising the pattern of the counting system;
– Compare quantities up to 10 in different contexts, recognising when one quantity is greater than, less than or the same as the other quantity;
– Explore and represent patterns within numbers up to 10, including evens and odds, double facts and how quantities can be distributed equally.
This is achieved through the use of Power Maths and focusing on a Key Instant Recall Fact (KIRF) per half term. Mastering Number resources are also being used from January 2022
Autumn A  Autumn B  Spring A  Spring B  Summer A  Summer B  
EYFS  Number
Numbers to 5 Comparing groups within 5 Shape 3D and 2D shapes* 
Number
One more, one less Number bonds within 5 Space Spatial awareness 
Number
Numbers to 10 Comparing numbers within 10 Combining two groups to find the whole Measure Length, height and distance. Weight 
Number
Number bonds to 10 Subtraction* Shape Making simple patterns 
Number
Counting on and counting back Numbers to 20 Doubling Halving and sharing odds and evens 
Shape
Composing and decomposing shapes* Measure Volume and Capacity 
KIRF  Say number names in order to 5  Say the numbers in order to 10.  Partition numbers to 5 into two groups.  Count in tens.  Know the days of the week.  Count in 2s 
The principal focus of mathematics teaching in key stage 1 is to ensure that pupils develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. This should involve working with numerals, words and the four operations, including with practical resources [for example, concrete objects and measuring tools]. At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to recognise, describe, draw, compare and sort different shapes and use the related vocabulary. Teaching should also involve using a range of measures to describe and compare different quantities such as length, mass, capacity/volume, time and money. By the end of year 2, pupils should know the number bonds to 20 and be precise in using and understanding place value. An emphasis on practice at this early stage will aid fluency. Pupils should read and spell mathematical vocabulary, at a level consistent with their increasing word reading and spelling knowledge at key stage 1. National Curriculum
This is achieved through the use of Power Maths and focusing on a Key Instant Recall Fact (KIRF) per half term. Mastering Number resources are also being used from January 2022. Key Stage one pupils also access Numbots/Times Table Rockstars to support their fluency development.
Autumn A  Autumn B  Spring A  Spring B  Summer A  Summer B  
Year 1  Place Value
Recap numbers to 10 Recap one more, one less Comparison of number Number bonds within 10 Addition and Subtraction Addition and subtraction within 10 
Addition and Subtraction
Addition and subtraction within 10 (2) Shape Recognising and naming 2D and 3D shapes Making patterns with shapes Place Value Numbers to 20 Comparison of number 
Addition and Subtraction
Addition and subtraction within 20 Place Value Recognising and counting numbers to 50 
Measurement
Comparing lengths and heights Nonstandard units of measure Measuring length using a ruler Comparing and measuring weight Comparing and measuring capacity 
Multiplication and Division
Counting in 10s, 5s and 2s. Making equal groups and simple arrays. Making doubles Fractions Finding halves and quarters 
Position and Direction
Describing turns and positions Place Value Recognsing and counting to 100. Partitioning numbers. Measurement Telling time to the hour and to the half hour Recognising and counting money 
KIRF  Recite number names in order to 50 and beyond.  Know number bonds for each number to 6.  Know doubles and halves of numbers to 10.  Know number bonds to 10.  Know seasons and months of the year.  Know number bonds for each number to 10. 
Year 2  Place Value
Counting and representing numbers to 100. Comparison of numbers. Counting in 2s, 5s, 10s and 3s. Addition and Subtraction Related facts Making number bonds to 100. Finding 10 more, 10 less Adding and subtracting 2digits to 1digit numbers. Adding and subtracting two 2digit numbers. 
Money
Comparing and making amounts of money. Using coins and notes. Solving twostep word problems involving money. Multiplication and Division Making equal groups and using arrays. 2, 5 and 10 timestables 
Multiplication and Division
Dividing by 2, 5 and 10. Grouping and sharing. Statistics Making and interpreting tally charts, pictograms and block diagrams. Measurement Length in cm and m. Comparing lengths. 
Shape
Properties of 2D and 3D shapes. Finding lines of symmetry. Fractions Finding halves, quarters, threequarters and thirds. Counting in halves and quarters. 
Position and Direction
Describing movement and turns. Place Value/Addition and Subtraction Solving problems using mental addition and subtraction. Solving problems using the four operations.

Measurement
Telling time to the hour, half hour, quarter hour and to 5 minutes. Comparing and finding durations. Measurement Comparing and measuring mass in kg. Comparing and measuring volume and capacity in ml and l. Reading and measuring temperature. 
KIRF  Know number bonds to 20.  Know multiplication and division facts for the 2 times table.  Know halves and doubles of numbers to 20.  Know multiplication and division facts for the 10 times table.  Tell the time to five minutes and draw the hands on the clock to show these times.  Know multiplication and division facts for the 5 times table. 
The principal focus of mathematics teaching in lower key stage 2 is to ensure that pupils become increasingly fluent with whole numbers and the four operations, including number facts and the concept of place value. This should ensure that pupils develop efficient written and mental methods and perform calculations accurately with increasingly large whole numbers. At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a range of problems, including with simple fractions and decimal place value. Teaching should also ensure that pupils draw with increasing accuracy and develop mathematical reasoning so they can analyse shapes and their properties, and confidently describe the relationships between them. It should ensure that they can use measuring instruments with accuracy and make connections between measure and number. By the end of year 4, pupils should have memorised their multiplication tables up to and including the 12 multiplication table and show precision and fluency in their work. Pupils should read and spell mathematical vocabulary correctly and confidently, using their growing word reading knowledge and their knowledge of spelling. National Curriculum.
This is achieved through the use of Power Maths, focusing on a Key Instant Recall Fact (KIRF) per half term and using Times Table Rockstars to support fluency development.
Autumn A  Autumn B  Spring A  Spring B  Summer A  Summer B  
Year 3  Place Value
Counting, comparing and representing numbers to 1000. Addition and Subtraction Adding and subtracting a 3digit number and 1s. Adding and subtracting a 3digit number and 2digit number. 
Addition and Subtraction
Adding and subtracting two 3digit numbers. Problem solving. Multiplication and Division Multiplying and dividing by 3, 4 and 8. 
Multiplication and Division
Related x and ÷ calculations. Multiplying a 2digit number by a 1digit number. Dividing a 2digit number by a 1digit number. Money Converting, adding and subtracting amounts of money. Statistics Pictograms, bar charts and tables. 
Measurement
Measuring and comparing lengths using mm, cm and m. Measuring perimeter. Fractions Tenths, fractions as numbers and fractions of a set of numbers. 
Fractions
Equivalent fractions*. Adding and subtracting fractions with the same denominator. Measurement Units of time and telling time to 5 minutes and the minute. Introducing the 24hour clock. 
Shape
Right angles, perpendicular and parallel lines. Recognising and describing properties of 2D and 3D shapes. Measurement Measuring and comparing capacity and mass. Adding and subtracting masses and capacities. 
KIRF  Know number bonds for all numbers to 20.  Add and subtract using place value.  Recall facts about the duration of time.  Know x and ÷ facts for the 3, 4 and 8 x tables.  Convert between mm/cm, cm/m, kg/g.  Read and draw the time, to the nearest minute. 
Year 4  Place Value
Representing numbers to a 1000. Ordering and, comparing numbers to 10,000. Rounding to the nearest 10, 100 and 1000. Roman numerals. Introducing negative numbers. Addition and Subtraction Adding and subtracting 4digit numbers with and without exchanging. 
Measurement
Recapping km. Perimeter of a rectangle and rectilinear shapes. Multiplication and Division Multiplying and dividing by 10 and 100. Multiplying by 0 and 1. Multiplying and dividing by 6, 9, 7, 11 and 12. 
Multiplication and Division
Using formal written methods. Multiplying and dividing 2digit by 1digit and 3digit by 1digit. Measurement Counting squares to identify area. Fractions Tenths and hundredths. Equivalent fractions. Fractions greater than 1. 
Fractions
Adding and subtracting fractions. Solving problems with fractions of a quantity. Decimals Tenths and Hundredths. Dividing by 10 and 100. 
Decimals
Order, compare and round decimals. Money Ordering and rounding amounts of money. Problem solving with money Measurement Converting units of time. Problem solving with time. 
Statistics
Charts, tables and line graphs. Shape Identifying, comparing and ordering angles. Regular and irregular shapes. Classifying triangles and quadrilaterals. Lines of symmetry. Position and Direction Describing a movement on a grid. 
KIRF  Add and subtract using place value.  Know number bonds to 100.  Recognise decimal equivalents of fractions.  Know x and ÷ facts for the 6, 7, 9 & 11 x tables  Know x and ÷ facts for all times tables to 12×12  Know number bonds to 100. 
The principal focus of mathematics teaching in upper key stage 2 is to ensure that pupils extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integers. This should develop the connections that pupils make between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio. At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a wider range of problems, including increasingly complex properties of numbers and arithmetic, and problems demanding efficient written and mental methods of calculation. With this foundation in arithmetic, pupils are introduced to the language of algebra as a means for solving a variety of problems. Teaching in geometry and measures should consolidate and extend knowledge developed in number. Teaching should also ensure that pupils classify shapes with increasingly complex geometric properties and that they learn the vocabulary they need to describe them. By the end of year 6, pupils should be fluent in written methods for all four operations, including long multiplication and division, and in working with fractions, decimals and percentages. Pupils should read, spell and pronounce mathematical vocabulary correctly. National Curriculum
This is achieved through the use of Power Maths, focusing on a Key Instant Recall Fact (KIRF) per half term and using Times Table Rockstars to support fluency development.
Autumn 1  Autumn 2  Spring 1  Spring 2  Summer 1  Summer 2  
Year 5  Place Value
Representing numbers to 10,000. Comparing, order and rounding numbers to 1,000,000. Addition and Subtraction Adding and subtracting two 4digit numbers with more than one exchange and without, using formal methods. Statistics Line graphs 
Multiplication and Division
Multiples, factors, square and cube numbers. Multiplying and dividing whole numbers by 10, 100 and 1000. Measurement Measuring and calculating perimeter. Calculating and comparing area. 
Multiplication and Division
Multiplying a 3digit number by a 2digit number and 4digit number by a 2digit number. Dividing 4digit numbers by a 1digit number. Fractions Recognise and convert mixed number and improper fractions. Comparing and ordering fractions. 
Fractions
Adding and subtracting fractions with the same and different denominators. Adding and subtracting mixed numbers. Multiplying fractions. Decimals and Percentages Writing decimals. Decimals as fractions Thousandths Percentages as fractions and decimals and their equivalents. 
Decimals
Adding and subtracting decimals. Multiplying and dividing decimals by 10, 100 and 1000. Shape Measuring angles using a protractor. Calculating angles on a straight line and around a point. Calculating lengths and angles in shapes. 
Shape
Recognising and drawing parallel and perpendicular lines. Regular and irregular polygons. Position and Direction Reflection and translation, with coordinates. Measurement Converting metric units. Imperial units and units of time. Comparing and estimating volume and capacity. 
KIRF  Add and subtract using place value.  Recall prime numbers up to 20 and find factor pairs.  Recall square numbers and their square roots, to 144.  Recall metric conversions.  x and ÷ numbers/decimals by 10, 100 and 1000.  Recall decimal number bonds to 1 and 10. 
Year 6  Place Value
Representing, ordering and comparing numbers to 10,000,000. Negative numbers. Four Operations Recap formal written methods for addition and subtraction. Formal written methods for long multiplication and long division. Common factors and multiples. Prime numbers up to 100, square and cube numbers. 
Fractions
Simplifying, comparing and ordering fractions. Adding and subtracting fractions, including mixed numbers. Solving problems with fractions. Multiplying and dividing a fraction by a whole number and multiplying a fraction by another fraction. Position and Direction Plotting coordinates, translations and reflections. 
Decimals
Multiplying and dividing by 10, 100 and 1000. Multiplying and dividing decimals. Percentages Solve problems involving the calculation of percentages. Converting decimal fractions to percentages. Algebra Finding and using a rule, understanding formulae. Solving equations. 
Measurement
Problem solving with metric units. Converting miles and km. Area and perimeter, including calculating the area of a parallelogram and triangle. Volume of a cuboid. Ratio and Proportion Solving problems using ratio and proportion. Scale drawings and factors. 
Shape
Angles in triangles and polygons. Calculate missing angles. Names of parts of a circle. Nets of 3D shapes. Problem Solving All four operations. Solving problems involving fractions, decimals and percentages; ratio and proportion; time. 
Statistics
The mean. Introducing, reading and interpreting pie charts. Interpreting and constructing line graphs. 
KIRF  Revise all KIRFs.  Find common factors of pairs of numbers.  Recall prime numbers up to 50.  Convert between decimals, fractions and percentages.  Revise all KIRFs.  Revise all KIRFs. 